The Brazilian States: Sergipe


Hello everyone. It is a pleasure to be here once again with you to share some information about another Brazilian state. Today you will read a post on a northeastern state. In fact, last week I have started sharing knowledge on the northeast of Brazil, with the state of Bahia. Today you will learn about the state of Sergipe.

The State of Sergipe:

Sergipe is one of the 27 federative Brazilian unities. The state of Sergipe is located in the Northeast of Brazil and makes borders with the Atlantic Ocean in the east, to Bahia towards south and Alagoas towards north. Sergipe is the smaller Brazilian state and it occupies an area of 21.915.116 km2 ( slightly bigger than Israel). In 2010, according to the latest Census the population of Sergipe was 2.068.017 inhabitants.

The capital and largest city of Sergipe is Aracaju. In total Sergipe comprises 75 municipalities. Other relevant cities than the capital for the state are Itabaiana, Lagarto e Estância, all of them with more than 50 thousand inhabitants each.

For many centuries the economy of Sergipe was highly dependent of the sugar cane industry, nonetheless from the year of 1990 onwards the economy of Sergipe started to become more broad and diversified.

Through tax incentives generated by the energetic potential coming from the Xingó Dam and due to the exploration of Oil & Gas in the region, the state is now an important player for the Brazilian Economy.

Sergipe’s GDP composition:

  • Agriculture: 4,6%
  • Industry: 30,6%
  • Services: 64,8%

 Economy of Sergipe:

The industrial cultivation in the agriculture that deserves to be highlighted in Sergipe are Sugar Cane, Orange ( export), Coconut being one of the primary producers in Brazil. Furthermore, Sergipe has been a pioneer in Brazil in some industrial processes for the production of tobacco, cotton, manioc (cassava), passion fruit, tangerine, lime, beans, rice, peanuts, yam, sweet potato.

The GDP in Sergipe is the highest of northeastern states. According to IBGE, in average value Sergipe’s GDP exceeds in 20% the average of all states. The GDP of Sergipe until 2010 was 11.572,44

GDP Sergipe


The Transformation Industry

The transformation industry is the most important industry for the state of Sergipe as it generates revenues of 1,5 Billion BRL per year and it accounts for 8,6% of the gross added value of the state. Furthermore, the activity is the one that employs the most and it represents 51,3% of the formal work force of the state. Among the segments of highest representativeness for the state, there should be highlighted the leather and shoes industry, and food and beverages.

The Extractive Industry

The extractive industry makes an estimated wealth for the state of around 923 Million/year BRL and it accounts for 5,2% for all the production of the State. Besides the Oil and Gas industry, the cement and fertilizer industry are also major players for the economy of Sergipe.

Did You know?

Oil Industry in Sergipe

Sergipe is the 4th largest Oil producer in Brazil. According to the Brazilian national agency, the production of gas in March has exceeded the equivalent to 1,4 million barrels, being 11,2% larger than the production of the previous month. Sergipe has off and onshore oil reserves.The oil extracted from the ocean, accounted for 35,1% of the total oil produced in 2013.

Sergipe Business Hubs

The Industry from Sergipe is in its majority concentrated in the greater Aracaju territory and in the eastern region of the state. Together these two regions account for 64% of all industrial production of the state. The municipalities of Aracaju, Laranjeiras, Rosário do Catete, Nossa Senhora do Socorro, Carmópolis, Capela, Japaratuba and Itaporanga D’ajuda are the principal cities in the extractive and transformation industries.

The main segments present in the municipalities mentioned above are:

  • Companies related to the extraction of oil and gas
  • Potassium chloride
  • Cement
  • Food and Beverage
  • Non-metallic products
  • Leather artifacts and shoes

Industrial Geographic Distribuiton Sergipe

Did You know?

 Wind Power in Sergipe

The wind power farm is located in the municipality of Barra dos Coqueiros. The venture is the result of financing from the government in partnership with private groups. The farm will have a capacity to produce 34,5 megawatts.

Foreign Trade

Sergipes commercial transactions


The main products exported by Sergipe are

  • Orange juice,
  • Frozen food,
  • Unfermented products,
  • Cement,
  • Shoes,
  • Sugars,
  • Other Juices,
  • Others

The main buyer of products coming from Sergipe is Holland, Gambia, Russia and Bolivia.


The countries that Sergipe bought most of it supplies were: USA, Uruguay, China and Marrocos.

The main products imported are:

  • Manure and fertilizers
  • Wheat
  • Petroleum Coke
  • Machinery and Equipments
  • Yarns and Fabrics
  • Textile Machinery
  • Others


Carlos Monteiro is a Brazilian citizen, graduated in Business Administration by the Catholic University of São Paulo. He lives in Odense, Denmark with his Danish Wife, Cathrine, and their half Danish /Brazilian daughter Ines Marie. You are very welcome to be in contact him at any time.

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