The Brazilian States: Bahia


Hello everyone and welcome again to Denmark Brazil. Today it’s time to move on and start sharing knowledge with you on another part of Brazil.The Brazilian States series will cover from this week onwards, the Northeastern region of Brazil.

The Northeast of Brazil

The Northeast of Brazil comprises 9 states: Bahia, Alagoas, Paraíba, Ceará, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe and Maranhão. The northeast of Brazil is the third largest region of the country and the largest in terms of states. It’s total area is of the size of 1.561.177 km2. Just to give you a clearer picture, the Northeast total area is similar to the area occupied by Mongolia.

The Northeast is known in Brazil ( and all over the world) for it’s paradisiac beaches. The region has a coast of 3.338 Km, being that the state of Bahia has the largest coastal area, with nearly 938 km and Piaui the smallest coastal are, with only 60 km of coast

Did you know??

The state of Bahia accounts for 1/3 of all economic activity of the Northeast region. The Northeast area in terms of territorial extension corresponds to France, Spain, Germany and Switzerland altogether.

The GDP of the Northeast region of Brazil is in the order of roughly 274 Billion USD, which means that the GDP of the Northeast of Brazil is equivalent to the GDP of South Africa 🙂 Quite interesting isn’t it?

In 2012 it was recorded a population of 54 million inhabitants living in the Northeast region of Brazil. Yet according to IBGE, the Brazilian Geography and Statistics Institute, 4 cities in the northeast are amongst the 15 most populous cities of Brazil. Salvador, in Bahia comes in third place acconting with 2,171 million inhabitants; Fortaleza , in Ceará,in fifth place accounting with 2,50 million inhabitants; Recife in Pernambuco in ninth place accounting with 1.555 million and São Luís, in Maranhão, in fifteenth place accounting with 1.039 millionn inabitants.

 The state of Bahia

Bahia is one of the 27 Brazilian states. The state of Bahia is located in the northeast region of Brazil and it is the largest state of the region. The state of Bahia makes boarder with 8 other Brazilian states being:

Minas Gerais in the south and southeast, Goiás in the east and southweast, Tocantins in the east and northweast, Piaui in the north and northweast, Pernambuco in the north, Alagoas in the northeast, Sergipe in the northeast and Espiríto Santo in the southeast.

Bahia in territorial extension has a size of 64.733.177 km2 and is slightly bigger than France. Furthermore Bahia is the state with the largest coastline of all states in Brazil. The capital of Bahia is Salvador. According to the latest census released by IBGE, the state of Bahia has 15.044.127 inahbitants, it’s GDP is the 8th highest of Brazil, being in the order of R$ 159.869.000 Billion and it’s GDP per capita in the order of R$ 11.340.

The “Baiano” territory has 417 different municipalities and it’s territory is equivalent to 6,64% of the Brazilian territory. Bahia’s total population accounts for 7,6% of the Brazilian population. The most populous city of Bahia is Salvador with nearly 2,8 million inhabitants, followed by Feira de Santana with more than 606 thousand, then Vitória da Conquista with nearly 337 thousand, Camacari with 275 thousand inhabitants.

Largest Cities in Bahia



Economy of Bahia

The economy of Bahia is rich and diversified in several fields of work, such as the agribusiness, industry, mining, tourism and services. These sectors altogether account for 36% of all Northeastern region GDP.

Bahia should be highlighted as oe of the main Brazilian producers of cocoa, sisal ( which is a fiber used to make ropes), castor bean to make oil, black beans, and cassava.The state also stands out in the production of corn and sugar cane. The livestock breeding, represents an important economic to the state of Bahia and the state has one of the largest heards of goats in Brazil. Furthermore, the state has gained attention as it’s becoming an important soy producer. On the industry side it should be given special attention to the  chemical, petrochemical, agribusiness, IT, automotive and autoparts industries as several of the largest Brazilian players have their firms and factories headquartered in the state.

**Bonus Information

An interesting fact is that if Bahia was a country in LATAM, Bahia would be the 8th largest economy of LATAM. Check this ranking out from World Bank in 2010.

Bahia Latin America

Another advantange of Bahia in relation to other Brazilian states is the position where the state is set in Brazil. Salvador is in the same zone as the East Coast of the USA. It is located only at a 1 1/2 hour distance from São Paulo and 6 hours distance to the closest city in the USA.

The Industrial Hubs of Bahia

There are in Bahia 14 industrial hubs where several industrie from very different sectors in the supply chain are installed. The industrial hubs are located in the following cities:


The main industries here are: Chemical, Petrochemical, Rubber, Wind Power, Food and Beverage, Metallurgy

Simões Filho

The main industries in Simões Filho are: Chemical, Rubber and Plastic, Textile, Wood, Food and Beverage, Metallurgy and Medication


The main industries in Subaé are: Chemical, Food and Beverage, Non Mettalic Minerals, Clothing and Metallurgy


The main industries in Ilhéus are: IT, Eletro-Electronics, Food and Beverages and Services

Teixeira de Freitas

The main industrie in Teixeira de Freitas are: Non Mettalic, Food and Beverages, Chemical and Services


The Main industries in Alagoinhas are: Non Mettalic, Food and Beverages, Rubber and Plastic, Metallurgy and Recycling


The main industries in Barreiras are: Metallurgy, Food and Beverages and Recycling


The Main industries in Eunápolis are: Non Mettalic Minerals, Food and Beverages, Rubber and Plastic, Wood Products and Services

Luis. E.Magalhães

The Main Industries in Luis. E Magalhães are: Food and Beverages, Metallurgy, Textiles, Services, Recycling


The Main Industries in Juazeiro are:Food and Beverages, Non Metallic Minerals, Leather, Wood Products, Metallurgy and Services

Vitória da Conquista

Metallurgy, Non Mettalic Minerals, Furnishings, Chemical, Rubber and Plastic and Food and Beverages


The main industries of Jequié are: Food and Beverages, Wood Industry, Clothing, Leather, Rubber and Plastic

Sto.Antônio de Jesus

The main industries of St.Antônio de Jesus are: Food and Beverages, Footwear, Furniture


The main industries of Itapetinga are: Food, Footwear, and Recycling

Now, imagine how many hours of reaserched you’ve just saved 🙂 ??

Honestly, I just do this because I love it. I always learn something about Brazil, and I feel a real joy when I can share this sort of information with you ( for free!!)

I believe that, the more information you have about Brazil, the more material you will have and therefore, the more likely you will be in relation to taking your venture to Brazil.

Hopefully with the support of my firm 🙂 !!

Here on Denmark you can find free information on several work fields in Brazil. At the end of the day, what you really need are results and sales, not REPORTS.

If you want to know how we can help you to take your business to Brazil click here


Carlos Monteiro is a Brazilian citizen, graduated in Business Administration by the Catholic University of São Paulo. He lives in Odense, Denmark with his Danish Wife, Cathrine, and their half Danish /Brazilian daughter Ines Marie. You are very welcome to be in contact him at any time.

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