The Brazilian Political System Introduction



Brazil is a Presidentialist Federative Republic. In a federal republic there is a division of powers between the federal government and it´s subdivisions (states and municipalities). The federal level of power is responsible for national security and defense, monetary police and issues of a national scope whereas the subdivisions are responsible for local level issues such as roads, infrastructure, local healthcare and local security and other issues of local level. In 1988 a new constitution was enacted providing a presidential type of government where three independent branches started to exist, these branches are the following:

• The Executive Power
• The Legislative Power
• The Judiciary Power

The Executive Power in Brazil, uncovered for the Danish community

The executive branch is headed by the President and Vice- President which are elected by direct vote for four year terms. Voting Brazil is mandatory for citizens between 18 and 70 years old and both President and Vice-President can stand for a re-election.

The Executive main responsibilities are:

• Sanctioning and passing laws, and also issuing decrees and regulations;
• Proposing and carrying out public policies;
• Taking part into treaties and conventions, but these must be approved by the congress;
• Keeping the national security;
• Administrating directly Ministers of State, Secretariats, Chambers and committees and the President´s administration;
• Administrating indirectly governmental administrative organizations, public organizations and public organizations where external investors have shares, Federal Foundations and Federal Regulatory Agencies.

The Vice President takes over in case the President is incapacitated to run his functions or is impeached, or when leaves office.

The president is responsible for:

• Appointing and dismissing Ministers of State
• Advising and being advised by the Ministers of State

The Executive Power in Brazil in 2013

• President position is currently held by Mss. Dilma Roussef, and she is a member of the workers party PT;
• Vice-President is currently Mr.Michel Temer and he is a member of the democratic movement party PMDB;
• Chief of staff is currently Mss. Gleise Hoffmann and she is a member of the workers party PT;
• Solicitor General or Attorney General is currently Mr.Luís Inácio Adams;
• Ministries, State Secretariats and other Institutions. Brazil has currently twenty four (24) Ministries, ten (10) State Secretariats and five (5) Institutions holding a Ministry status. Every Ministry is responsible for on specific subject and it is led by on Ministry The ministers are chosen by the President at each and every term they comply with;
• The General Comptroller of the Union is led by Mr.Jorge Hage;
• National Defence Council is held by José Elito Carvalho;

A few facts about Brazilian politics danes should know

• In 2014 Dilma start to run campaigns to be in office for another 4 year term.
• When the President is not in office the Vice President is the responsible for the country. If the VP is not in office the President of the senate is responsible for the country, and if the President of the senate isn’t in office the President of the Chamber of Deputies takes over, and so on and so forth.
• Below we have a scheme of how the Executive Power is in Brazil is at this moment:

politics brazil executive1

Carlos Monteiro is a Brazilian citizen, graduated in Business Administration by the Catholic University of São Paulo. He lives in Odense, Denmark with his Danish Wife, Cathrine, and their half Danish /Brazilian daughter Ines Marie. You are very welcome to be in contact him at any time.

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