The year 2017 was a memorable year for renewables. Its percentage of participation in the Brazilian Energy Matrix was 43.5% in 2016, better than in the previous year of 41.3%. And the best result since 2012, when the percentage was 42.3%. These numbers refer to the National Energy Balancing of 2017, base year 2016, according to its Synthesis and Final Report, released in June 2017 by EPE – Empresa de Pesquisa Energética, linked to the Ministry of Mines and Energy.
Among the renewable energies, the most outstanding was wind and solar, with a high growth in relation to supply. To give you an idea, energy wind has jumped from 21,626 GWh in 2015 to 33,489 GWh. Solar power, from 59 GWh in 2015, has jumped to 85 GWh in 2016. In relative numbers, growth was respectively 54.9% and 44.7%.
In addition, the number of wind farms has increased dramatically from 86 in January 2013 to 459 in January 2017. Currently, this number has broken the 500’s barrier, reaching 503 wind farms installed in Brazil.
Adding up, at the end of last year, for the first time in Brazil wind and solar energy reached a contracting price lower than the hydro, which was always cheaper and the main energy, within the renewables.
These numbers prove the growth of this type of energy in the Brazilian energy matrix, whose it sparked the eyes of the Government, which at the end of last year created a Constitutional Amendment Project (Projeto de Emenda Constitucional – PEC), where for the first time in the world, it seeks to create royalties for this type of energy, which is clean and renewable, unlike the non-renewable energies, which therefore pay royalties, due to their impact on the environment.
The author of the proposal is the federal deputy Heraclito Fortes of the Socialist Party of Brazil – (Partido Socialista do Brasil – PSB) of Piauí (PI), who still wants to extend the collection of royalties for solar energy.
“It is not fair that we have this potential of production, not only of wind and of solar and we enjoy nothing. You deviate the purpose of the earth. These are areas that can be used for agriculture or for other purposes.”
This proposal is already receiving criticism, such as the former president of EPE, Mauricio Tolmasquim (Professor of COPPE):
“The collection of royalties is a setback. There is no logic to this proposal to collect royalties from wind energy. Wind energy is a renewable, non-polluting source that has increased incomes in poor regions of the NE, where smallholders are being able to increase their income a little. And that brought, several factories of equipment that settled in the NE, created jobs, and, still, are bringing revenue for the government.”
Actually, the creation of royalties, a kind of tribute, is not well seen in the country, which faces one of the greatest crises of credibility and corruption.
Renewable energies must be encouraged since it is a cheap, non-polluting, renewable energy type that contributes to a more economically sustainable future. However, businessmen in the industry should always be concerned about the Government and its boxes of surprises, which sabotage any medium- and long-term planning, especially when it comes to the creation of royalties or tributes.
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